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In the Proceedings of the International Medical Conference on Progress in Medical Practice and Education: Innovations for the Future and Beyond, London, 21 – 24 August 2015, London, UK
Pattern Of Contraception Among Hiv-Positive Women Attending The Antiretroviral Treatment Clinic At The University Of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, North Central Nigeria by Dr Ayo Oyedokun
Dr Ayo Oyedokun from St Nicholas Hospital, Lagos Island, Lagos, Nigeria informed conference that contraception plays significant roles in the prevention of unplanned pregnancies and disease transmission among sexual partners. He also explained that findings from the 2013 Nigerian Demography and Health Survey revealed a median age at first birth of 20.2 years and that only 15% of married women used one form of contraception or another. There is therefore an unmet need for family planning.
He told conference that the objectives of the research were aimed to explore contraceptive use amongst HIV-positive women by determining the prevalence of contraceptive use and the contraceptive preference of participants.
Dr Oyedokun informed conference that a hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from 7th December 2011 to 30th May 2012 at the antiretroviral treatment clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching hospital, Ilorin, Kwara state, north central Nigeria. Data was collected from 370 respondents aged 18 years and above who gave consent to participate in the study using a structured questionnaire. Participants were recruited by systematic random sampling.
He went on to tell conference that there were 370 respondents, the mean age was 38±9.4years. Of all participants, only 15.7% used one form of contraception or the other. The male condom was the most commonly used (34.5%). Others were; oral contraceptive pills(24.1), post-coital contraception (17.2%), IUCD (15.5%), injection contraceptives (5.2%) and implants (3.5%).
Dr Oyedokun advised conference that contraceptive use among the respondents was very low and this means that there is still a need for further education on contraceptive use to women and their spouses/partners.
Address for correspondence: St Nicholas Hospital, St Campbell Street, Lagos Island, Lagos, 101001, Nigeria. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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