In the Proceedings of the IAHCP 26th Annual Scientific Meeting and Conference, Blackpool, UK, 18 – 21 July 2015
Female Genital Cutting Practices among Women in Okada Community, Edo State, Nigeria by Dr Andrew Ifeanyichukwu Obi
Dr Andrew Obi, from the Department of Community Health at the University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria, informed conference that an estimated 130 million reported cases of female genital cutting (FGC) occur globally and every year 2 million girls and young women are at risk of undergoing this practice. He continued by explaining that this study was carried out to assess practice of FGC in Okada, Edo State, Nigeria to help raise awareness on FGC and to help develop programs against the practice.
He informed conference that a community based descriptive cross sectional study design was utilized for this study, involving researcher administration of semi-structured questionnaires to 325 consenting women of reproductive age in Okada Community, Edo State. Data collected was sorted for completeness, coded, entered and analysed using SPSS version 21.0 statistical software with statistical significance set at p˂0.05 and 95% confidence interval.
He continued by apprising conference that the prevalence of FGC from this study was 28.7% (90). Three hundred and fourteen (96.6%) of women studied were aware of FGC, out of which 186 (56.2%) had good knowledge of FGC while 128 (40.8%) poor knowledge. Employment status (OR=0.453; 95% CI=0.225-0.911; p=0.026) and age group of respondent in years (OR=0.157; 95% CI=0.028-0.869; p=0.034) were the significant predictors identified that influenced knowledge and practice of FGC respectively among women studied.
Dr Obi informed conference that this study identified a disparity between level of awareness and knowledge of FGC while in relation to practice; FGC remains prevalent in the rural community studied. There is a need for a well-coordinated approach involving all relevant stakeholders to raise awareness and make relevant enforcements against the practice, following due consultation with affected communities.
Correspondence: Dr Andrew I. Obi, Consultant Public Health Physician and Lecturer, Benin City, Nigeria
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