In the Proceedings of the International Medical Conference on Progress in Medical Practice and Education: Innovations for the Future and Beyond, London, 21 – 25 August 2015, London, UK
Cardiovascular Diseases and the Effects of their
Co-Morbidities by Maria Jana Kingsley-Godwin
Maria Jana Kingsley-Godwin informed conference that the objective of her study was to analyse the management of cardiovascular diseases and their co-morbidities. She carried this study out by a systematic clinical review of the literature.
Conference was told that Maria carried out a systematic literature review of online databases such as Medline and EMBASE, and that she visited specialist library sources, journals, magazines, theses, grey literature, various published and unpublished materials and expert opinions.
The methods used by Maria involved formulating questions on the different issues about cardiovascular diseases and their comorbidities which were then used to undertake the critical review. The questions included: the types and causes of cardiovascular diseases, epidemiology, prevention, prevalence, research activities in the area, risk factors and treatments issues for the different types of the common and emerging infectious diseases in the community. She told conference of the systematic review of the literature she performed; evaluating online databases, printed journals and articles, online journals, books, published and unpublished materials, theses, magazines, grey literature from 1966 to August 2015, and expert opinions on various clinical capacities. Overall, 3, 853 sources that met the search criteria were identified. The data obtained was ranked in order of superiority and evidence, grading levels in order to reach the best data for each question asked.
Conference was then made aware of the results. Maria stated the key findings of the study were:
In conclusion Maria emphasised that the analysis showed that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other CVDs are stroke, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, congenital heart disease, endocarditis, aortic aneurysms, and peripheral artery disease. Coronary heart disease is responsible for more deaths than any other health condition, both in the UK and worldwide. Comorbidities associated with cardiovascular Diseases have complicated disease management and increased the healthcare costs in various communities Worldwide.
Correspondence: Maria Jana Kingsley-Godwin, Author and Medical Writer, Blackpool, England, UK Website: www.mariajana.co.uk
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